Confused about fish food ? Here are a few things to know and consider:
1.Feeding fish a balanced diet is essential for their proper growth and well-being. Unlike fish in their natural environment, fish in captivity rely on their feed for their nutrients.
2.There are many different types of fish food on the market today. They can be categorized into processed feed, dried food, fresh food, frozen food, and live fish food.
3.Processed feed have a long shelf life. If stored properly in a cool dry place, they can be kept for months. Certain types of processed feed are known to last longer than others.Generally, pellet feed will have a longer shelf life than flake food. Refrigeration of fish food help increase the shelf life significantly.
4. Processed fish food contains proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, lipids, binding agent, preservatives, attractants.
These components are added in various ratios in fish food to meet the requirements of different fish species.
5. Pellet food decomposes slower in water compared to other fish food. Therefore, the fish has a better chance of eating the pellet before it decomposes and pollutes the water.
6.Flake food will float for a certain amount of time, then slowly since to the bottom. This gives a chance for all types of fish at all levels of the aquarium to feed. Flake food is great for community fish tanks.
7.Powdered food, or fry food, is often used in fish hatcheries to feed juvenile fish. The dry powder can be directly fed to the fish, or mixed in water before feeding it to the fish. Powdered food can pollute the tank water very quickly
8.Color enhancers are popular for tropical fish and koi fish food. Carotenoids are added as a color enhancer in fish food. In nature, fish would be able to able to eat plants and invertebrates that are high in carotenoids.
9.Medicated fish food are used to treat bacterial infections. The advantage of medicated fish food is that it can be a direct application, as opposed to treating the entire water.
10.Vacation fish food are designed to release the food slowly, over a period of 1-2 weeks. This will allow aquarium fish to survive, while the owner is away on vacation.
11.Dried and freeze-dried foods is a type of natural fish food that is not heavily processed. While the nutritional value may not be equivalent to a fresh or live form, the majority of the nutritional value is still preserved in this dried form.
12.Fresh and frozen fish food can be a great source of nutritious feed. When attempting to condition fish for breeding, a high protein diet of fresh food is beneficial. Some fish are very picky eaters, and they may only accept fresh food.
13.Various types of meat can be fed to carnivorous fish. It is advisable to cook the meat prior to feeding in order to prevent introducing infectious disease to your fish. Meat containing high amounts of fat should be avoided or fed very sparingly in order to prevent digestive problems.
14.Many fresh and frozen vegetables can be fed to herbivorous fish. Prior to feeding, vegetable can be blanched in order to break down the tough membranes. Vegetables that are commonly fed to fish includes romaine lettuce, spinach, cabbage, kale, watercress, zucchini, green peas, broccoli, cauliflower, beet tops, and strawberries.
15.Live fish food is one of the best source of fish food. Live organisms that are suitable for as feed include bloodworms, mealworms, blackworms, tubifex, glassworm, grindal worms, white worms, redworms, daphnia, gammarus, among many others. Feeding live food at least twice a week is recommended for most fish.Quality of live food should first be checked as many sellers sell live food cultured in unhealthy conditions which may lead to fish diseases.
16.Feed fishes sparingly and once a day only. Most fishes can survive without food for atleast a week. Don’t feed fishes on a water changing day. Overfeeding or uneaten food might cause ammonia spike in water and lead to fish death.
17.Cheap foods are cheaper for a reason. The don’t contain adequate nutrients and decomposes easily. Choose quality over quantity when buying fish food.
18. Choose a variety of fish food. However, remember all fishes are not the same so you need to try different foods and see what works the best for your fishes.